Dendro Fuels for Power Generation

Sri Lanka is a country with very few conventional energy resource options and no proven fossil fuel reserves. Hydro, biomass, wind and solar are the only significant indigenous resources available in the country. Of these resources it is estimated that about 90% of the hydropower generation has already been commissioned. What is left may be confined to mini and micro hydro systems. Whilst alternatives such as wind, solar PV are certainly important options for exploration the contribution they can make seems negligible in the context of the exorbitantly high investment costs in the case of solar PV and the and the high investment cost of expansion of the grid into areas where significant wind power potential exists. The risks outweigh the benefits for the purpose of mass scale deployment.

Renewable Biomass Energy

Biomass accounts for nearly 15% of world energy supplies. In industrialised countries, biomass supplies about 3% of total primary energy, and is used for heating, electricity and to off set emissions from coal-fuelled facilities.

In developing countries, biomass fuel supplies approximately 35% of total primary energy, most of which is used traditionally for domestic cooking and space heating.

Recently, sustainably grown biomass has attracted interest as an electricity source due to its potential as a low-cost, indigenous supply of energy and for potential environmental and developmental benefits. Biomass conversion is seen as one option for reducing CO2 build up, the benefits to plantations to include reduced soil erosion, restoration of degraded land and amelioration of local impacts from fossil fired power generation e.g. SO2 and NOx.

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